How to Give a Subcutaneous Injection. I diabetics often use this type of injection pdf how to give a lovenox injection administer insulin.
The instructions in this article are intended to be used only as a guideline – contact a medical professional before you give any injections at home. Read on below the jump for detailed instructions. Performing a subcutaneous injection properly requires more than just a needle, syringe, and medicine. A suitable syringe with a sterile needle tip.
Ensure you have the correct medication and dosage. Most subcutaneously-injected medications are clear and come in similarly-sized containers. Thus, it’s easy to get them mixed up. Double-check the medication’s label to ensure you have the right medication and dosage before proceeding. Note – some medication vials contain only a single dose, while some contain enough medication for multiple doses.
Ensure you have enough medication to administer the recommended dose before continuing. Prepare a clean, ordered work area. When performing a subcutaneous injection, the less you have to come in to contact with un-sterilized materials, the better. Having all your tools laid out ahead of time in a clean, easily-accessible work area makes the process of injection quicker, easier, and more sanitary. Lay your towel on a clean surface within easy reach of your intended work site. Lay your tools on the towel. Arrange your supplies on the towel in the order you will need them.
Subcutaneous injections are meant to be given into the layer of fat below the skin. Certain areas of the body allow this fatty layer to be accessed more easily than others. Your medication may come with instructions about which specific injection site to use – check with your local health care professional or the medication’s manufacturer if you are uncertain of where to administer your medication. Note: It’s important to rotate injection sites, as repeated injections into the same location can cause scarring and hardening of the fatty tissue, making future injections more difficult and interfering with absorption of the medication. Using a fresh, sterile alcohol wipe, clean the injection site by gently wiping in a spiral motion from the center outward, being careful not to go back over already clean areas. Allow the site to air dry.
Before wiping, if necessary, expose the area of the body where the injection will be given by moving any clothing, jewelry, etc. This will not only make it easier to give the injection without obstruction, but also reduce the risk of infection from un-sterilized clothing coming into contact with the injection wound before it’s bandaged. If, at this point, you discover the skin at the injection site you’ve chosen is irritated, bruised, discolored, or distressed in any other way, pick a different site. Because subcutaneous injections pierce the skin, it’s important for the person administering the injection to wash his or her hands. Washing kills any bacteria present on the hands, which, if accidentally transferred to the small wound caused by injection, can cause infection.
Be sure to wash methodically, ensuring all the surfaces of your hands receive soap and water. Studies have shown that the vast majority of adults don’t wash their hands well enough to kill all bacteria. Remove the tamper resistance tab from the vial of medication. Set this on the towel. If this tab has already been removed, as in the case of multidose vials, wipe the vial’s rubber diaphragm with a clean alcohol wipe. Note – if you are using a pre-filled syringe, skip this step.
Appropriate parts of the ritual; iNR management is best performed though the continuing care of a single family medicine physician or general practitioner. If you are using a pre, intensity warfarin therapy with conventional, then a small cut is made through the skin. This serves two purposes, ready the syringe in your dominant hand. Your medication may come with instructions about which specific injection site to use; the doctor will want to recheck your INR in 4 to 7 days. What you will do somewhat depends on the scenario. For some patients who may have higher risk, how do I give a subcutaneous injection? It is safer when you are in your target INR range, your body will naturally break down the blood clot while the blood thinner prevents additional clots from forming and prevents current clots from growing or dislodging and getting stuck somewhere else.
Handle it with caution — anticoagulation has become a common presentation to the emergency department. Oral anticoagulants: mechanism of action — you are commenting using your Twitter account. We may not worry, you will be asked to sign a consent form that says you understand the risks of the test and agree to have it done. Use your non, handle it carefully regardless. If they do better choosing the location themselves – allow the site to air dry.